Belgian sculptor George Grard

George Grard (1901-1984) was a Belgian sculptor, known above all for his representations of the female, in the manner of Pierre Renoir and Aristide Maillol, modelled in clay or plaster, and cast in bronze.
Grard was born in Tournai to a family of modest means and entered the Académie de Tournai in 1915, but his real calling as a sculptor became apparent when he followed a course in sculpture in 1922 with Maurice De Korte (1889–1971). In his native city he met Pierre Caille, and later, in a Brussels foundry, Charles Leplae. Having won the Prix Rubens (1930), he left for Paris, where he encountered the sculpture of Charles Despiau, Aristide Maillol and Pierre Renoir, which influenced his mature style. In 1931, he set up his studio at Saint-Idesbald on the coast, where his house became a rendez-vous of artists including Pierre Caille, the Haesaerts brothers, Edgard Tytgat and Paul Delvaux.In 1935, he was commissioned to create a sculpture for the rose garden at the Exposition universelle et internationale. Two years later Henry Van de Velde asked him for a work for the Belgian pavilion of the Exposition internationale, 1937. In the nineteen-fifties Grard, still in full possession of his mature powers, received repeated public commissions: the Seated Figure at the Banque Nationale, Brussels (1950), La Mer, fronting the post office at Ostend (1955, illustration), the Naïade at Tournai (1950), and Earth and Water, near the Albert Bridge at Liège (1964).George Grard died in Saint-Idesbald in 1984.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Arte Informale Emilio Vedova

Emilio Vedova (9 August 1919 – 25 October 2006) was a modern Italian painter, considered one of the most important to emerge from his country's artistic scene, Arte Informale.Vedova was born in Venice into a working-class family. His artisan roots came from his house painting father. He was the third child out of seven. Emilio began working at a young age, primarily in a factory. Later he got a job in a photography and restoration studio.He was imperatively a self-taught artist aside from a few night classes. After an initial formative experience within Expressionism, he joined the group «Corrente»(1942–43), during the second world war, which included other artists such as Renato Guttuso and Renato Birolli. He recorded his experience in his drawings. Vedova returned to Venice towards the demise of the war. He participated in the Resistenza and played a key role in the post-war Italian art movement, which was opening up and contributing originally to the European avant-garde. His work was getting much more abstract. His images represented the apprehension of the time, with his geometric shapes, and color palette. In 1946 he co-signed the manifesto Beyond Guernica which included several Italian artists who were to become famous. In 1947 Vedova founded Fronte Nuovo delle Arti. In 1952 he became a member of the influential and more avant garde, Gruppo degli Otto (Afro, Birolli, Corpora, Santomaso, Morlotti, Vedova, Moreni, Turcato), organised by the critic Lionello Venturi. His work exerted a significant influence on the Arte Povera group.In 1951, Vedova exhibited his first solo show in the United States at the Catherine Viviano Gallery located in New York. This show was where he began to attract big name collectors, like Peggy Guggenheim. In the following year, he was a part of Gruppo degli Otto Pittori Italiani (Group of Eight Italian Painters) a show exhibited at the Venice Biennale. The show was arranged by Lionello Venturi. This show is known to have begun the great art movement recognized as Arte Informale.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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New York School American Abstract Expressionism Nicolas Carone

Nicolas Carone (June 4, 1917 – July 15, 2010) belonged to the early generation of New York School Abstract Expressionist artists whose artistic innovation by the 1950s had been recognized across the Atlantic, including Paris. New York School Abstract Expressionism, represented by Jackson Pollock, Willem de Kooning, Franz Kline, Conrad Marca-Relli and others became a leading art movement of the postwar era.
Carone was born June 4, 1917 in New York City and raised in Hoboken, New Jersey.
He began formal art studies at the age of eleven at the Leonardo da Vinci School located at St. Mark's Church on E.10th St. He studied at the National Academy of Design under Leon Kroll, Art Students League of New York, Hans Hofmann School of Fine Arts, and the Rome Academy of Fine Arts. In 1941 he won the Prix de Rome and in 1949 a Fulbright Fellowship. His time in Italy after World War II brought him into personal contact with important Italian painters, particularly Giorgio Morandi.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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André Marfaing

«André Marfaing is a French painter and engraver who was born in Toulouse in 1925 and who died in 1987. He went to Paris in 1949 and devoted his life to painting. Very quickly he passed to abstract work and, after coming into contact with Pierre Soulage, he moved into using black almost exclusively in his work.
His artistic works are ascetic and sometimes approach ideograms. They explore contrasts, light and shade, emptiness and fullness, being and nothingness. „Alongside Soulage, Hartung and Kline, Marfaing is one of the greatest artists to work in black after the Second World War, but he also gently approaches this shade with prudence, tenderness and firmness,“ writes the journalist Frédéric Edelmann. Towards the end of his career, the relationship between white and black became inverted and the artist gave more and more space to light.
André Marfaing received numerous awards for his work and represented France at the Venice Biennale alongside Poliakoff, Messagier, Guitet and Manessier. He is exhibited in galleries all over France, but also in London and Luxembourg. His works have also been the subject of exhibitions in public institutions, at the Abattoirs of Toulouse (2011), the BNF (2002), and the Troyes Museum of Modern Art (2001).»

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Manabu Mabe - abstract painting

Manabu Mabe (September 14, 1924 – September 22, 1997) was a Japanese-Brazilian painter. Mabe worked as a vendor of hand-painted ties in São Paulo before becoming a famous artist..In the late 1950s, Mabe won the top award in São Paulo's Contemporary Art Salon, the top award as Brazil's best painter in the São Paulo Bienal, and the top honors for artists under 35 at Paris's first biennial.
On January 30, 1979, after an exhibition in Tokyo, 153 of his paintings were on board a Varig cargo Boeing 707-323C en route from Tokyo — Narita to Rio de Janeiro-Galeão via Los Angeles. The aircraft went missing over the Pacific Ocean some 30 minutes (200 km ENE) from Tokyo. The cause is unknown since the wreck was never found. The paintings were lost.Mabe died in São Paulo on September 22, 1997

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Sculpture Stephen De Staebler

Stephen De Staebler (March 24, 1933 – May 13, 2011) was an internationally celebrated American sculptor, best recognized for his work in clay and bronze. Totemic and fragmented in form, De Staebler's figurative sculptures call forth the many contingencies of the human condition, such as resiliency and fragility, growth and decay, earthly boundedness and the possibility for spiritual transcendence. An important figure in the California Clay Movement, he is credited with «sustaining the figurative tradition in post-World War II decades when the relevance and even possibility of embracing the human figure seemed problematic at best.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Mixed - Media Art - Joseph Cornell

Joseph Cornell (December 24, 1903 – December 29, 1972) was an American artist and film maker, one of the pioneers and most celebrated exponents of assemblage. Influenced by the Surrealists, he was also an avant-garde experimental filmmaker. He was largely self-taught in his artistic efforts, and improvised his own original style incorporating cast-off and discarded artifacts. He lived most of his life in relative physical isolation, cared for his parents and his disabled brother at home, but remained aware of and in contact with other contemporary artists.Cornell's most characteristic art works were boxed assemblages created from found objects. These are simple shadow boxes, usually fronted with a glass pane, in which he arranged eclectic fragments of photographs or Victorian bric a brac, in a way that combines the formal austerity of Constructivism with the lively fantasy of Surrealism. Many of his boxes, such as the famous Medici Slot Machine boxes, are interactive and are meant to be handled.Like Kurt Schwitters, Cornell could create poetry from the commonplace. Unlike Schwitters, however, he was fascinated not by refuse, garbage, and the discarded, but by fragments of once beautiful and precious objects he found on his frequent trips to the bookshops and thrift stores of New York. His boxes relied on the Surrealist use of irrational juxtaposition, and on the evocation of nostalgia, for their appeal.


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Kurt Trampedach

Kurt Trampedach (13 May 1943 – 12 November 2013) was a Danish painter and sculptor.Trampedach studied at the Danish Academy of Fine Arts from 1963 to 1969. He had his artistic breakthrough by the end of the sixties. He has often made distorted self-portraits and portraits of his own wife. Portraits of horses, and of larged headed babies were other favorite motifs. His dark style was particularly inspired by Rembrandt van Rijn. Painting was a way for him to work with his own psyche, with frequent bouts of depression and mania. In 1983 Trampedach's studio in Copenhagen was set on fire destroying many paintings. In 1984 he received the Eckersberg Medal.
With his wife he moved to Sare in the French Pyrenees where he lived in a house built by himself, raising animals and painting.
In April 2002 his house and studio in France was burned down while he was in Denmark preparing an exhibition. And within a month his studio in Copenhagen was set on fire, destroying seven large paintings. Trampedach himself barely escaped the flames. Trampedach claimed that the fire in Copenhagen had been an attempt at his life by jealous colleagues. Some people claimed that he had started the fire himself, but in 2005 a French-Moroccan was sentenced for the crime in France, although the Copenhagen fires continue unresolved. After the fires he was struck by a severe depression and did not paint for the last years of his life. Kurt Trampedach died at his home in Southern France on 12 November 2013 at the age of seventy

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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German expressionism and avant-garde movements August Macke

August Macke (3 January 1887 – 26 September 1914) was a German Expressionist painter. He was one of the leading members of the German Expressionist group Der Blaue Reiter (The Blue Rider). He lived during a particularly innovative time for German art: he saw the development of the main German Expressionist movements as well as the arrival of the successive avant-garde movements which were forming in the rest of Europe. Like a true artist of his time, Macke knew how to integrate into his painting the elements of the avant-garde which most interested him
Thereafter Macke lived most of his creative life in Bonn, with the exception of a few periods spent at Lake Thun in Switzerland and various trips to Paris, Italy, the Netherlands and Tunisia. In Paris, where he traveled for the first time in 1907, Macke saw the work of the Impressionists, and shortly after he went to Berlin and spent a few months in Lovis Corinth's studio. His style was formed within the mode of French Impressionism and Post-impressionism and later went through a Fauve period. In 1909 he married Elisabeth Gerhardt. In 1910, through his friendship with Franz Marc, Macke met Kandinsky and for a while shared the non-objective aesthetic and the mystical and symbolic interests of Der Blaue Reiter.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Canadian abstract art Harold Town

Harold Barling Town (June 13, 1924 – December 27, 1990) was a Canadian abstract painter. He is best known as a member of Painters Eleven a group of abstract artists active in Toronto from 1954-1960. Town coined the name of the group, which was based simply on the number of artists that were present the first meeting. He also worked as an illustrator, a profession he credited with imparting a sense of discipline that would last throughout his entire artistic career His early illustrative appeared in magazines such as Maclean's and Mayfair.
Harold Town was trained at Western Technical-Commercial School and Ontario College of Art, both in Toronto. The Royal Ontario Museum was an early source of inspiration, especially its East Asian prints and ceramics, and the Mesopotamian and Egyptian antiquities. His exposure to the diverse artistry of these works gave Town what he called “a global horizon,” a new outlook, which would influence his work as a commercial artist and inspire his first attempts at abstract art. His early work also reflected his interest in Pablo Picasso and Willem de Kooning.


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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