Danila Vassilieff

Danila Vassilieff (16 December 1897 – 22 March 1958) was a Russian-born Australian painter and sculptor. He has been called the «father of Australian modernism.
Danila Ivanovich Vassilieff was born in 1897 at Kagalnitskaya, near Rostov-on-Don, Russia. His father was a Cossack and his mother Ukrainian. He studied mechanical engineering at a technical school at Novocherkassk and at a military academy in Saint Petersburg. During World War I and the Russian Civil War, he served with a Don Cossack cavalry regiment. He was captured by the Red Army at Baku in April 1920, but escaped by motorbike and made his way to China via Armenia, Persia, India and Burma.In May 1923 in Shanghai he married Anisia Nicolaevna, a fellow refugee; then they set out for Australia, arriving in Townsville, Queensland in July.They bought a sugar-farm at Yuruga, located near Ingham. By 1928 he was working as a railway labourer at Mataranka, Northern Territory. It was here that he began to paint, using a child's paint set. In 1929 he separated from his wife, was naturalized, and left Australia. He travelled to Paris and then on to Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, where in 1930 and 1931 he had his first formal studies in art, under Dimitri Ismailovitch, a specialist in Byzantine mosaics and frescoes. From 1932 to 1935 he worked and exhibited in the West Indies, South America, England, Spain and Portugal.


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Surrealism Milena Olesinska - Painting and drawing

My art refers to surrealism, in a broad sense, Broad, because I have excluded typical surrealistic landscape and reached to the simplified image, to the form of the poster. Unraveling leading ideas in my paintings allows me to communicate freely with recipients and to guide them trough symbolic reality of my art.  


www.iobrazy.com.pl


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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New York School - Abstract Expressionism Albert Kotin

Albert Kotin (August 7, 1907 – February 6, 1980) belonged to the early generation of New York School Abstract Expressionist artists whose artistic innovation by the 1950s had been recognized across the Atlantic, including in Paris.The New York School Abstract Expressionism, represented by Jackson Pollock, Willem de Kooning, Franz Kline, and others became a leading art movement of the post-World War II era.Albert Kotin was born August 7, 1907 in Minsk, Tsarist Russia and emigrated to the USA in 1908. He became a US citizen in 1923.Kotin studied: (1924–1929) at the National Academy of Design, New York City; with Charles Hawthorne, Provincetown, Massachusetts; (1929–32) at the Académie Julian, the Académie de la Grande Chaumière and at the Atelier de Fresque and the Académie Colarossi, Paris, France; (1947–1951) at The Art Students League of New York, New York City; under the GI Bill he went to study with Hans Hofmann in Provincetown and in New York City.
Kotin served in the U.S. Army military service during World War II (1941–1945).
After the war Kotin found a studio on 10th Street. He soon joined the «Downtown Group» which represented a group of artists who found studios in lower Manhattan in the area bounded by 8th and 12th street between First and Sixth Avenues during the late 1940s and early 1950s. These artists were called the «Downtown Group» as opposed to the «Uptown Group» established during the war at The Art of This Century Gallery. In 1949 Kotin joined the «Artists' Club»located at 39 East 8th Street. Albert Kotin was chosen by his fellow artists to show in the Ninth Street Show held on May 21 – June 10, 1951.The show was located at 60 East 9th Street on the first floor and the basement of a building which was about to be demolished. «The artists celebrated not only the appearance of the dealers, collectors and museum people on the 9th Street, and the consequent exposure of their work but they celebrated the creation and the strength of a living community of significant dimensions.»

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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William Ricketts Sanctuary

«Hidden deep in an Australian rainforest, the clay sculptures of William Ricketts express the Aborigines’ deep connection with Mother Nature.
Born in 1898, William Ricketts was an Australian sculptor and potter who developed a spiritual bond with the Aboriginal people of Central Australia. The time he spent with them, between 1949 and 1960 inspired his works in Potter’s Sanctuary (now known as William Ricketts Sanctuary).
The 92 intricate ceramic sculptures placed along the passageways seem as they are merging with the surrounding plant-life, thus expressing the strong bond Aborigines have always had with nature. Designed as a place where man’s spirit becomes one with nature, William Ricketts Sanctuary inspires us all to protect Mother Nature instead of constantly exploiting her.
William Ricketts spent most of his life in this sanctuary, located on Mount Dandenong, near Olinda, and died here, in 1993, at the age of 94.»

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Guy Grey-Smith - The Landscape of Australia

Guy Grey-Smith (1916 – August 1981) was a Western Australian painter, printmaker and ceramicist. Grey-Smith pioneered modernism in WA, and has been described as «one of Australia's most significant artists of the 20th century.Guy Grey-Smith, second son of Francis Edward Grey-Smith, station manager, and his wife Ada Janet (née King) was born in Wagin, Western Australia in 1916
He formed the Perth Group in the late 1950s with fellow artists Robert Juniper Brian McKay, Tom Gibbons and Maurice Stubbs. The group's aim was to promote European modernism, which was not yet accepted in Australia. Grey-Smith was influenced by Cézanne, English constructionist painters, Nicholas de Staël and the Western Australian landscape. He travelled throughout the state, including the Kimberley, Pilbara, Goldfields and South West regions, drawing and making notes in order to produce larger works back in his studio.At the time of his death, his work was increasingly achieving recognition and is held in high regard today.In December 2007, Christie's auctioned one of his landscape paintings with an estimate of £1500 to £2500. The painting sold for £29,300 (A$64,000). According to art collector Max Grunberg, Grey-Smith paintings sold at a large auction during the 1990s for $18,000 to $20,000 would now sell for at least $40,000 to $45,000.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Color Field Art Gene Davis

Gene Davis (August 22, 1920 — April 6, 1985) was an American Color Field painter known especially for his paintings of vertical stripes of color.Davis was born in Washington D.C. in 1920 and spent nearly all his life there. Before he began to paint in 1949, he worked as a sportswriter, covering the Washington Redskins and other local teams. Working as a journalist in the late 1940s, he covered the Roosevelt and Truman presidential administrations, and was often President Truman's partner for poker games.His first art studio was in his apartment on Scott Circle; later he worked out of a studio on Pennsylvania Avenue.Davis's first solo exhibition of drawings was at the Dupont Theater Gallery in 1952, and his first exhibition of paintings was at Catholic University in 1953. A decade later he participated in the «Washington Color Painters» exhibit at the Washington Gallery of Modern Art in Washington, DC, which traveled to other venues around the US, and launched the recognition of the Washington Color School as a regional movement in which Davis was a central figure. The Washington painters were among the most prominent of the mid-century color field painters. Though he worked in a variety of media and styles, including ink, oil, acrylic, video, and collage, Davis is best known by far for his acrylic paintings (mostly on canvas) of colorful vertical stripes, which he began to paint in 1958. The paintings typically repeat particular colors to create a sense of rhythm and repetition with variations. One of the best-known of his paintings, «Black Grey Beat» (1964), owned by the Smithsonian American Art Museum reinforces these musical comparisons in its title. The pairs of alternating black and grey stripes are repeated across the canvas, and recognizable even as other colors are substituted for black and grey, and returned to even as the repetition of dark and light pairs is here and there broken by sharply contrasting colorsIn 1972 Davis created Franklin's Footpath, which was at the time the world's largest artwork, by painting colorful stripes on the street in front of the Philadelphia Museum of Art, and the world's largest painting, Niagara (43,680 square feet), in a parking lot in Lewiston, NY. His «micro-paintings», at the other extreme, were as small as 3/8 of an inch square

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Australian art Inge King

Abstract steel sculptor Inge King was born in Berlin and trained at the Berlin Academy from 1937 to 1938 and later at the Royal Academy School (on a scholarship) in London in 1940 and the Glasgow School of Art (on bursary) from 1941 to 1943. King taught art in Glasgow and London from 1944 to 1949, during which time she married painter Grahame King. Since moving to Australia in 1950, King has been at the forefront of developing and diversifying non-figurative sculpture in Australia. King was part of the Centre 5 group whose mission it was to help foster greater public awareness in contemporary sculpture. King taught sculpture at RMIT University from 1976 to 1987. She has held solo exhibitions since 1940 in London, Melbourne, Sydney, Adelaide and Geelong. Retrospective exhibitions of Kings’ works were held at the Bendigo Regional Gallery in 1995 and the National Gallery of Victoria in 1992. Major commissions include monumental works at McClelland Gallery, VIC; the Arts Centre, Melbourne; the University of Melbourne; Heide Museum of Modern Art, VIC and the National Gallery of Australia, Canberra. Touring exhibitions of Inge and Grahame King’s works were exhibited through McClelland Sculpture Park in 2004. King was awarded the Eltham Prize in 1965 and 1967, a British Council Travel Grant in 1969, the RAAF memorial prize in 1971 and the Mildura Sculpture Triennial Prize 1975. She was awarded an Order of Australia in 1984 and in 2008 was awarded the Visual Arts Emeritus Award by the Australian Arts Council, recognizing her pivotal role in raising the profile of modern sculpture in this country. King received a Doctorate in Literature from Deakin University in 1990 and an Honorary Doctorate in Arts from RMIT in 1997. King’s work is held by numerous collections including the National Gallery of Australia, Canberra; the Art Gallery of New South Wales, Sydney; the National Gallery of Victoria, Melbourne; the Queensland Art Gallery, Brisbane; Artbank, Sydney; Parliament House, Canberra and several regional and university galleries

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Art in Public Spaces Bert Flugelman

Herbert 'Bert' Flugelman (1923 – 26 February 2013) was a prominent Australian visual artist who had many of his works publicly displayed. He is known for his stainless steel geometric sculptures.Flugelman was born in Vienna, Austria in 1923 and migrated to Australia in 1938 when he was 15 years old. It was on the eve of World War II. From 1943 to 1946 Flugelman served in the Australian army (non combative duties) and from 1948 to 1951 he studied at the National Art School in Sydney.
From 1951 to 1955 he travelled to Europe including a visit in 1954 to Spain with his artist friend John Copnall. In 1952 he contracted polio which left him with a mobility disability. However, this did not stop him holding several successful exhibitions at the Piccadilly Gallery in London and the Barone Gallery in New York before returning to Australia in 1955.From 1972 to 1983, Flugelman was a lecturer at the South Australian School of Art, and subsequently became Head of Sculpture. During this period he completed some of his most famous work, in particular Festival Sculpture 1974, Spheres 1977 and Cones at the National Gallery of Australia in 1982.


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Feeling – Colour Florin Prodan

 
From the engineering field he took information about perspective, the sense of proportion, volumetric units and he was taught the lesson about colour, as any plastic artist, from the succession of seasons, reason for which he called one of his exhibitions as “Seasons”.
The painter has around 30 personal exhibitions and many other group exhibitions in the country, in Bucharest, Iasi, Botosani, Suceava, Piatra Neamt, as well as many works in private collections in the countries like France, England, Germany, Canada, USA, Greece, Italy, China. Among seasons, he focuses more on spring, summer and autumn. Spring for the chlorophyll green which symbolises life in its more active shape and autumn for the polychromic air with symphonic sounds.
 The winter landscapes with snow clouds are the ones that show the silver white of snowflakes, the “milky” and cold atmosphere, how winter enters the “rest” state.
By his works, the painter leads us to the idea that he is the supporter of calm romance of nature. His paintings are dedicated, mainly to nature, it is a plain air painting and the artist is, as Iohannes Iten was saying, of Bauhaus School, an impressive optic. The impressions gathered from the most typical and hidden places of nature, there are not simple sensory experiences, chosen by chance, but they are attentively selected and instrumented from compositional point of view, according to an artistic intuition, connected with the engineer sense of free form – subject to poetic fantasy law.
Therefore, the main source of inspiration represents nature and people with their concerns – it is, we can say, a campestre painting.
His artist eye aimed in nature especially delusions made by the effect of water in relationship with the light (the sun rise, sunset, mornings with crystal clear dew drops and dense fog, the sunset with solar brightness, filtered by the clouds curtain and the effect of evaporation with the water morphology in the wind, especially after the rain). Our of this reason, the artist, by using light with generosity, can be considered, more, a meridian with Tiepolo asymptotic approaches.
The forms of nature elements aimed by the artist are so filled with light that sometimes we have the illusion that we enjoy the presence of diaphane shapes made of coloured light vapours, or photonic clouds.
His landscapes works, where we can always find aquatic shapes of laguna landscape (rivers, ponds, lakes) lead to the illusion of some images from the waters empire. The house seems more a decorative element of nature than a rural civilisation sign, even for an immemorial time.
The flowers paintings, especially in warm colours, combined with floral species in contrasting colours prove the colourist calling as well as the sensitivity and passion for flowers of the author, important knowledge for the symbolist language of flowers.  Flowers are spread in a series that start from the opulence of the sunflower to the delicacy and wild freshness of field flowers, from the intensive red of corn poppies to cornflowers which gradually diminish their colour in the floral mass.
His style is the one of a romantic artist, in impressionist expression with well tempered chromatic and logically developed compositions and the vivacity generated by nature in all its complexity leads us to the idea of renaissance hylozoism subtly transmitted to the visible romanticism of François René Chateaubriand.
Mihai PĂSTRĂGUŞ, arts critic

 

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Corinne Michelle West - abstract expresionism paintings

Corinne Michelle West (1908–1991) was an American painter; she also used the names Mikael and Michael West.She was an Abstract Expressionist.West was born in Ohio. She attended the Cincinnati Conservatory of Music before moving to the Cincinnati Art Academy in 1925.She moved to New York in 1932. She was Arshile Gorky's muse and probably his lover, although she refused to marry him when he proposed several times.She graduated from the Cincinnati Art Academy in 1930. After graduating and leaving the teachings of Hofmann, in 1934, West began studying under Raphael Soyer.In 1936 she had her first solo exhibition, at the Rochester Art Club; Also in 1936, she had begun to go by Mikael to obtain better opportunities, and after Arshile Gorky told her that the name «Corinne» sounded like that of a «debutante's daughter.» Gorky suggestion however, is based on a real prejudice against women in the art world, such as with George Sand and George Elliot.In 1941 she began to use the name Michael, which she used in her regular life as well as her painting.She exhibited in Manhattan's prestigious Stable Gallery in 1953, and had a solo show in 1957 at the Uptown Gallery in New York City. In 1958 she had a one-woman show at the Domino Gallery in Georgetown, Washington, D.C.She also wrote poems; she wrote a series of 50 poems in the 1940s, including the poem The New Art in 1942. Later in 1968 she created a series of poem-paintings related to the Vietnam war.She was married briefly to Randolph Nelson in the 1930s, and in 1948 she married filmmaker Francis Lee, but they divorced in 1960.
The first major West Coast exhibit of her work was held posthumously at Art Resource Group's Newport Beach, California gallery in 2010.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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